CADASIL Syndrome


NCI: A hereditary cerebrovascular disorder caused by mutations in the Notch 3 gene. It is characterized by alterations of the muscular wall of the small vessels in the brain, resulting in transient ischemic attacks. It may lead to cognitive problems and dementia.,MSH: A familial, cerebral arteriopathy mapped to chromosome 19q12, and characterized by the presence of granular deposits in small CEREBRAL ARTERIES producing ischemic STROKE; PSEUDOBULBAR PALSY; and multiple subcortical infarcts (CEREBRAL INFARCTION). CADASIL is an acronym for Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy. CADASIL differs from BINSWANGER DISEASE by the presence of MIGRAINE WITH AURA and usually by the lack of history of arterial HYPERTENSION. (From Bradley et al, Neurology in Clinical Practice, 2000, p1146)

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