Cornelia De Lange Syndrome


MSH: A syndrome characterized by growth retardation, severe MENTAL RETARDATION, short stature, a low-pitched growling cry, brachycephaly, low-set ears, webbed neck, carp mouth, depressed nasal bridge, bushy eyebrows meeting at the midline, hirsutism, and malformations of the hands. The condition may occur sporadically or be associated with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance or duplication of the long arm of chromosome 3. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p231),NCI: A rare syndrome characterized by low birth weight, delayed growth, mental retardation, behavioral problems, and a distinctive facial appearance (thin, arched eyebrows, low set ears, small teeth, and small nose). The majority of cases are caused by mutations in the NIPBL gene. Less severe forms of the syndrome are caused by mutations in the SMC1A and SMC3 genes.,JABL: A frequent multiple congenital anomaly/mental retardation syndrome of unknown etiology which affects 1/10,000 newborn infants. The most commonly occurring defects

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