Congenital adrenal hyperplasia


MSH: A group of inherited disorders of the ADRENAL GLANDS, caused by enzyme defects in the synthesis of cortisol (HYDROCORTISONE) and/or ALDOSTERONE leading to accumulation of precursors for ANDROGENS. Depending on the hormone imbalance, congenital adrenal hyperplasia can be classified as salt-wasting, hypertensive, virilizing, or feminizing. Defects in STEROID 21-HYDROXYLASE; STEROID 11-BETA-HYDROXYLASE; STEROID 17-ALPHA-HYDROXYLASE; 3-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3-HYDROXYSTEROID DEHYDROGENASES); TESTOSTERONE 5-ALPHA-REDUCTASE; or steroidogenic acute regulatory protein; among others, underlie these disorders.,CSP: group of syndromes caused by inherited defects in cortisol and/or aldosterone biosynthesis; ACTH elevation is caused by low levels of cortisol, whose production is impaired by absence or deficiency of one of the five enzymes necessary for its synthesis from cholesterol.,NCI: A genetic disorder characterized by defects in the synthesis of cortisol and/or aldosterone, resulting in hyperplasia

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