The first reaction of the catabolic pathway of cholesterol is catalyzed by CYP7 and serves as the rate-limiting step and major site of regulation of bile acid synthesis in the liver. A common A to C substitution at position -204 of the promoter of CYP7 gene has been associated with variations in plasma LDL-cholesterol concentrations but the effect of this polymorphism is unknown in the general population. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate the association of this polymorphism to lipoprotein levels in a population-based sample of 1139 male and 1191 female Framingham Offspring participants. In men, the C variant was associated with higher plasma concentrations of LDL-cholesterol and this association remained significant after adjustment for familial relationship, age, BMI, smoking, alcohol intake, the use of beta-blockers, and apoE genotype. The C variant was also associated with an increased TC/HDL ratio in men. Variance components analysis indicated that allelic variability at nucleotide -204 of the CYP7 gene and polymorphism of the apoE gene accounted for 1 and 5% of the variation of plasma LDL-cholesterol concentrations, respectively. In women, however, there was no relationship between LDL-cholesterol and the A-204C polymorphism but subjects homozygous for the CC genotype had significantly lower triglyceride levels than heterozygotes. Moreover, no significant relationship was found between the A-204C variants and lipoprotein particle diameter or the prevalence of coronary heart disease in both genders. Thus, our results show that the A-204C polymorphism in the CYP7 gene is associated with statistically significant variations in LDL-C and triglyceride concentrations in men and women, respectively, but the cumulative effects of these variations on atherosclerotic risk remain uncertain.
http://linkedlifedata.com/resource/pubmed/chemical/Apolipoproteins E, http://linkedlifedata.com/resource/pubmed/chemical/Cholesterol, HDL, http://linkedlifedata.com/resource/pubmed/chemical/Cholesterol, LDL, http://linkedlifedata.com/resource/pubmed/chemical/Cholesterol, VLDL, http://linkedlifedata.com/resource/pubmed/chemical/Cholesterol 7-alpha-Hydroxylase, http://linkedlifedata.com/resource/pubmed/chemical/DNA, http://linkedlifedata.com/resource/pubmed/chemical/Triglycerides
pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Alleles, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Apolipoproteins E, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Cholesterol, HDL, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Cholesterol, LDL, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Cholesterol, VLDL, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Cholesterol 7-alpha-Hydroxylase, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Cohort Studies, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Coronary Disease, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-DNA, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Female, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Genotype, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Humans, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Leukocytes, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Male, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Massachusetts, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Middle Aged, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Nuclear Family, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Pedigree, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Polymorphism, Genetic, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Promoter Regions, Genetic, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Risk Factors, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Sex Characteristics, pubmed-meshheading:10508208-Triglycerides
Association of the A-204C polymorphism in the cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase gene with variations in plasma low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in the Framingham Offspring Study.
Lipid Metabolism Laboratory, Jean Mayer-USDA Human Nutrition Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA.
Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S., Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S., Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't